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【2021欧洲杯买球app】比尔盖茨捐400万,研究蚊子自相残杀
2021-05-28 [29220]
本文摘要:Microsoft founder Bill Gates is pouring $4 million into a project to create killer mosquitoes that destroy each other through sex.微软中国创办人比尔·盖茨已经向一个新项目推广400万美金,该新项目目地创设出有必须根据繁殖击溃别的蚊子的杀手蚊子。

Microsoft founder Bill Gates is pouring $4 million into a project to create killer mosquitoes that destroy each other through sex.微软中国创办人比尔·盖茨已经向一个新项目推广400万美金,该新项目目地创设出有必须根据繁殖击溃别的蚊子的杀手蚊子。Its a bold bid to curb malaria, a deadly disease typically transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes.这是一个遏制疟疾的胆大的试着,这类恐怖的病症一般来说根据不会受到病毒性感染蚊子的传染散播。Gates will use funds from his own charity organization – the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation – to eradicate malaria “within a generation.”盖茨将运用他自己的公益慈善的机构——比尔和梅琳达·盖茨慈善基金会——在接近一代人的時间里除根疟疾。

The plan is to create genetically-modified male mosquitoes that mate with their female counterparts in the wild.该方案是为了更好地创设出有遗传基因改善的雄蚊,能在野外与雌性蚊子繁殖。Only female mosquitoes bite so Gates army of gene-engineered male mosquitoes would be safe to humans.仅有雌性蚊子不容易传染,因此 盖茨的基因工程技术的男性蚊子对人们是安全系数的。Whats important is that these male mosquitoes contain a self-limiting gene that gets passed onto female mates.最重要的是,这种男性蚊子所含一种自身允许的遗传基因,不容易散播给雌性爱人。When the females give birth, their offspring will die before adulthood thanks to the gene.当雌性小动物孕期时,他们的子孙后代在成年人以前就不容易因遗传基因难题而丧命。

Mosquitoes only start biting people once theyre adults, so given enough time, the danger of blood-sucking female mosquitoes could be eradicated.蚊子仅有在成年人后才刚开始传染人们,因此 要是有充裕的時间,就可以防止猫雌蚊的危险因素。This means it would be possible to stem the spread of malaria through mosquito bites.这意味著有可能根据蚊子传染劝阻疟疾的散播。

Theyre developed by a UK company called Oxitec, which has dubbed the creations “Friendly Mosquitos” — although their female mates may disagree.他们是由一家起名叫Oxitec的美国公司产品研发的,该企业称作这类蚊子为“友好往来的蚊子”——虽然他们的雌性爱人有可能不完全同意这类各不相同。Oxitec has already created gene-engineered mosquitoes to deal with the Zika virus.Oxitec早就生产制造了基因工程技术蚊子来应对寨卡病毒。In some areas, the wild populations of Aedes aegypti (the mosquito that carries Zika) have been reduced by 90 percent.在一些地域,埃及伊蚊(装车寨卡病毒的蚊子)的天然的种群数量提升了90%。

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However, not everyone is happy about the prospect of genetically-modified mosquitoes being used to prematurely terminate their offspring.殊不知,并并不是任何人都对转基因水稻蚊子被作为提前中断其子孙后代的市场前景非常高兴。Oxitecs work has been heavily criticized by Friends of the Earth, a charity dedicated to protecting the environment.Oxitec的工作中遭受了着眼于保护生态环境的公益慈善的机构“地球上之家”的公开批评。

But Bill Gates is a long-time supporter of Oxitecs work.可是比尔·盖茨是Oxitec的工作中的长时间拥护者。


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